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Wisconsin Duty Disability Attorneys

Representing Firefighters, Law Enforcement, and All Protective Occupations in Wisconsin 40.65 Duty Disability Claims.

Duty Disability

Wisconsin duty disability benefits are available to firefighters, police, law enforcement, emergency medical service providers, correctional officers, and other state and municipal employees in protective occupations.

Duty disability is an income-replacement benefit program for work-related injuries and conditions, governed by section 40.65 of the Wisconsin Statutes. The benefit amount is typically 75% of your average monthly salary. To qualify, the work-related injury or disease must prevent you from continuing to perform your job, affect your pay or promotion opportunities, or cause permanent assignment to light duty.

For some diseases, such a heart conditions, lung conditions, and some infectious diseases, the law will presume your condition is work related if you meet certain criteria.

When Should I talk with an Attorney?

Those considering applying for duty disability should strongly consider case evaluationing with an attorney experienced with both duty disability and workers compensation before they apply for duty disability. Very often, those with duty disability claims also have a workers compensation claim. However, because any workers compensation paid after filing a duty disability application will reduce duty disability payments, it is crucial to understand the extent of any workers compensation claim before applying for duty disability.

Do I Need an Attorney for Duty Disability?

Whether it make sense to apply for duty disability before or after workers compensation can be a complex decision that depends on the facts of each case. The duty disability attorneys at Hawks Quindel are experienced with both duty disability and workers compensation and can help identify the benefits available to you, maximize your claims, secure the necessary medical support, and represent you at any hearing.

Who is Eligible?

Protective Occupations

Duty disability benefits are available to those working in protective occupations, which includes the following state and municipal employees:

  • law enforcement;
  • firefighters;
  • correctional officers;
  • DNR wardens;
  • and some emergency medical service providers.

Requirements to Qualify for Duty Disability

To qualify for duty disability, you must meet all of the four requirements below:

  1. You worked in a protective occupation when you became disabled.
  2. Your disability is work-related.
  3. Your disability is permanent.
  4. Your disability has caused at least one of the following:
    • Permanent reduction of base pay or position
    • Permanent assignment to light duty
    • Retirement
    • Adversely affected promotion opportunities
Presumptive Disability

In certain circumstances, special “presumptive disability” rules apply.

Heart and Lung Conditions

This presumption applies only to firefighters. If a firefighter’s disability or is caused by heart or respiratory impairment or disease, it is presumed that the impairment or disease is work related if the following conditions are met:

  • The firefighter worked for at least 5 years as a firefighter.
  • The firefighter submitted to a qualifying medical examination before starting work as a firefighter and shown no evidence of the disease.
  • County, state, and municipal firefighters may all qualify. However, for municipal firefighter to receive the presumption, their firefighter duties must have taken up at least at least 2/3 of their working hours during the 5-year qualifying period.


This presumption also applies only to firefighters. A firefighter’s disability that is caused by cancer will be presumed to be work related if the following conditions are met:

  • They worked at least 10 years total as a firefighter.
  • During the 10-year qualifying period, firefighter duties made up at least 2/3 of their working hours.
  • The firefighter must have submitted to a qualifying medical examination before starting work as a firefighter and shown no evidence of cancer.

The presumption applies only to cancers affecting the following areas of the body:

  • Skin
  • Breasts
  • Central nervous system
  • Lymphatic system
  • Digestive system
  • Hematological system
  • Urinary system
  • Oral system
  • Reproductive system

However, the presumption will not apply for cancers caused by smoking or tobacco products for municipal firefighter who have used a tobacco product after January 1, 2001.

Infectious Diseases

This presumption is available to firefighters, law enforcement officers, correctional officers, and emergency medical service providers.

If you are disabled because of certain infectious diseases, it will be presumed that you are disabled because of your employment. The following infectious diseases are subject to this presumption:

  • HIV & AIDS
  • Tuberculosis
  • Hepatitis A, B, C, & D
  • Diphtheria
  • Meningococcal meningitis
  • MRSA
  • SARS

Additionally, the employee must have submitted to a qualifying medical examination before starting work as a firefighter, law enforcement officer, correctional officer, or emergency medical service provider, and shown no evidence of an infectious disease.

How to Apply for Duty Disability

1. Contact ETF for a duty disability packet

To start the process of applying for duty disability, you must file an application with ETF. To obtain a duty disability packet, you can contact ETF at 877-553-5020.

2. File a duty disability application

You will need to complete and file a duty disability application. You can file the application before you have your physician reports completed.

3. Obtain and file two physician reports

To qualify for duty disability benefits, two doctors must complete a physician certification form stating your condition is work related and meets at least one of the qualifying criteria for duty disability.  One of the reports must come from a specialist in the area of disability, and the doctors must complete the reports within six months of your last appointment with them.

As noted, you do not have to file the physician reports with your application. You have one year after filing your duty disability application to file both physician reports with ETF. If you do not do so, your application will be dismissed and you will need to start the process over.

When a Claim for Benefits Begins

The first day you are eligible to be paid duty disability is known as the “effective date.” The effective date is the later of either of the two following dates:

(1) the date the ETF receives your duty disability application; or
(2) the date of your “qualifying event” (i.e. your disability causes you to retire; reduces pay or position; results in permanent assignment to light duty; or affects your promotional opportunities.)

You will not be paid benefits until your application has been approved. Any benefits that you are owed from when your application was pending will be paid to you in a lump sum as a back benefit.

Benefit Amount

State employees receive 80% of their monthly salary (as of the qualifying date).

Local government employees generally receive 75% of their monthly salary, unless they are permanently and totally disabled, in which case they receive 80%.

Duty disability benefits are not taxed, unless you are working light duty for the same employer. The benefit is adjusted annually each January 1st based on the Social Security salary index.

Benefit Offsets and Required Disclosures

ETF considers itself the “payer of last resort.” Because of this they will reduce your duty disability benefit based on most other sources of income, whether that income is from work or other benefit programs. Income that will be offset from your duty disability benefits include:

  • Social Security benefits;
  • Unemployment compensation;
  • Worker’s compensation;
  • Wisconsin Retirement System benefits; and
  • Earnings from work, including self employment.

Earnings are offset based on a three-tiered system.

  1. The amount of the total earnings less than 40% of your salary offsets duty disability by 1/3.
  2. The amount of the total earnings that are from 40% to 80% of your monthly salary offsets duty disability by half.
  3. The amount of the total earnings that is above 80% of your monthly salary offsets duty disability by 2/3.

You are required to notify ETF when you are approved for any of the benefits listed above, or any time you receive earnings for work performed within 30 days of receiving any income.

Every year, you will have to submit an annual disclosure to ETF with financial information. This includes completing and submitting an Annual Income Statement and submitting a copy of your current federal and state tax returns.

Special Disability Benefit

For individuals who are in protective occupations and are age 50 to 54, a special disability annuity may also be available in addition to the duty disability benefit. The criteria for eligibility are:

  • You worked in a protective occupation;
  • You are at least age 50, but under age 55;
  • You have at least 15 years of creditable service in the Wisconsin Retirement System
  • Your condition is not considered total and permanent; and
  • You can no longer efficiently and safely perform the duties of your protective occupation position.

You will be required to submit two qualifying medical reports and an employer disability certification to the Wisconsin Retirement System before the special disability benefit can be approved.

Death Benefits

If a protective occupation participant dies as a result of an injury or disease for which duty disability would be payable, their surviving spouse and any children under age 18 may be eligible for duty disability death benefits.

For work-related or line-of-duty duty deaths, there are other potential benefits potentially available to surviving spouses, children, or parents. These include the federal Public Safety Officers Benefit, worker’s compensation, life insurance, and money paid into the Wisconsin Retirement System.

Appealing a Denial of Duty Disability Benefits

If your duty disability application is denied, you or your employer can contest the denial by filing written notice of appeal with the Department of Workforce Development, Worker’s Compensation Division. The appeal process is subject to the same rules as worker’s compensation appeals.

Appealing Duty Disability Benefit Calculations

If you disagree with a decision about your duty disability benefit amount, termination of benefits, benefit offsets, or a determination of your qualifying date, you have the right to appeal.

ETF suggests first contacting the employee who decided your claim. Regardless of contacting ETF, your appeal must be received by the Wisconsin Retirement Board within 90 days of the determination in question.